Around 6,000 years ago, the northwest, waterfront geography of Dongguan, including Machong, Shilong, Zhongtang, Daojiao and Shatian, were submerged under the sea. On the border of Guancheng and Nancheng, a village called Haogang was then a coastline where the first resident of Dongguan was found in the 1980s.
After excavations were concluded at the 600 square meter site—where experts say the majority of living activity took place—a museum was built and opened to public in 2007.
According to archaeologists, the earliest residents of the Pearl River Delta lived on oysters and their dwellings were literally built on them. Oyster shells form a thick layer on the ground and make up most of the excavated of the mound, which stands several meters in height.
Though the stone-age skeleton found at Haogang site is not exhibited in the museum, there is plenty more to see—including the excavation work itself.
Are local Dongguaners descendants of this first human? The answer is unclear since so many waves of people moved from northern China to Guangdong throughout history, but there are certainly some expats who will be glad to tell you how they’ve been here since the beginning of time.
Haogang Site Museum
English Subtitles: Yes
Business Hours: 09:00-12:00, 14:00-17:15. Wednesday closed
Phone: 769 2245 9922
Address: Longchuan Tang, Shenghe Community, Nancheng, Dongguan
Public Transportation: Jianshe Lu (建设路) bus stop on line 9.
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